Vatan is the pure representation of the oldest clone of the Tempranillo variety in Spain, located in the only Spanish D.O. that completely resisted the phylloxera plague. During the Middle Ages, Toro was the most renowned wine-producing region in Spain. Mentioned in the literary works of Alfonso IX (King of León, s. XII), Juan Ruiz El Arcipreste de Hita, Francisco de Quevedo, Luis de Góngora and Miguel de Cervantes. In fourteenth-century Seville, the sale of any foreign wine except Toro wines was prohibited. Wines that even accompanied the Spanish explorers to the New World. D. O. Toro was rediscovered by the Numanthia project, directed by Jorge Ordóñez and the Eguren family.